Keston Institute's Translation of New Russian Law on Religion
Russian Federation, Federal Law
'On Freedom of Conscience and on Religious Associations'
Confirming the right of each to freedom of conscience and freedom of creed,
and also to equality before the law
regardless of his attitudes to religion and his convictions;
Basing itself on the fact that the Russian Federation is a
Recognizing the special contribution of Orthodoxy to the history
of Russia and to the establishment and development of Russia's
spirituality and culture;
Respecting Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and other
religions which constitute an inseparable part of the historical
heritage of Russia's peoples;
Considering it important to promote the achievement of mutual
understanding, tolerance and respect in questions of freedom of
conscience and freedom of creed;
Hereby adopts this federal law .
CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1. The Subject Regulated by This Federal Law
This federal law regulates the legal relationships in the area
of the rights of man and citizen to freedom of conscience and to
freedom of creed, and also the legal status of religious
Article 2. Laws on Freedom Of Conscience and Religious
2.1. The laws on freedom of conscience and religious associations
consist of the corresponding norms of the Constitution of the
Russian Federation, the Civic Code of the Russian Federation, and
also this federal law, other normative legal acts of federal law
adopted in accordance with them and normative legal acts of
subjects of the Russian Federation.
2.2. The rights of man and citizen to freedom of conscience and
to freedom of creed are regulated by federal law. Laws and other
normative legal acts enacted in the Russian Federation and
affecting the realisation of freedom of conscience, freedom of
creed and also the activities of religious associations must be
consistent with this federal law. If normative legal acts adopted
by subjects of the Russian Federation on questions of the
protection of the right to freedom of conscience and freedom of
creed, or on questions of the activities of religious
associations, contradict this federal law, this federal law is
2.3. Nothing in the law on freedom of conscience and religious
associations may be interpreted in such a way as to diminish or
limit the right of man and citizen to freedom of conscience and
freedom of creed, as established by the Constitution of the
Russian Federation or stemming from international treaties of the
Article 3: The Right to Freedom of Conscience and to Freedom of
3.1. Freedom of conscience and freedom of creed are guaranteed
in the Russian Federation, including the right to confess,
individually or jointly with others, any religion or not to
confess any, and the freedom to choose, change, possess or
disseminate religious or other convictions and to act in
accordance with them.
Foreign citizens and persons without citizenship who are legally
present on the territory of the Russian Federation have the right
to freedom of conscience and freedom of creed on an equal footing
with citizens of the Russian Federation, and bear responsibility
as established by federal laws for the violation of the laws on
freedom of conscience, freedom of creed and religious
3.2. The right of man and citizen to freedom of conscience and
to freedom of creed may be restricted by federal law only to the
extent to which this is necessary for the goals of defending the
foundations of the constitutional system, morality, health, or
the rights and legal interests of man and citizen, or of securing
the defense of the country and the security of the state.
3.3. The establishment of privileges or restrictions, just as any
other form of discrimination on the basis of one's attitude
toward religion, is not permitted.
3.4 Citizens of the Russian Federation are equal before the law
in all spheres of civic, political, economic, social and cultural
life, independent of their attitudes toward religion or religious
affiliations. A citizen of the Russian Federation, in the event
that military service contradicts his convictions or creed, has
the right to substitute alternative civilian service for it.
Upon the request of religious organizations, clergymen may, by
a decision of the President of the Russian Federation and in
accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation, be granted
deferment from conscription into military service and exemption
from military training in peacetime.
3.5. Nobody may be required to discuss his attitudes toward
religion, or be subjected to compulsion in the forming of his
attitudes toward religion, toward the confessing or refusing to
confess a religion, toward participation or lack of participation
in worship services, other religious rituals or ceremonies, the
activities of religious associations, or religious training. The
attraction of minors to religious associations and also the
teaching of religion to them against their will or without the
agreement of their parents or guardians is forbidden.
3.6. Actions hindering the realisation of the right to freedom
of conscience and freedom of creed, including actions entailing
coercion of an individual, calculated insults of the feelings of
citizens in connection with their attitudes toward religion, the
destruction or damage of property, and threats of such actions,
are forbidden and are to be prosecuted by law. The conducting
of public activities and distribution of texts and images
insulting the religious feelings of citizens immediately adjacent
to objects of religious veneration is forbidden.
3.7. The secrecy of confession is protected by law. A clergyman
may not be held accountable for refusing to provide evidence
about circumstances which became known to him through confession.
Article 4: The State and Religious Associations
4.1. The Russian Federation is a secular state. No religion may
be established as a state or compulsory religion. Religious
associations are separate from the state and are equal before the
4.2. In accordance with the constitutional principle of the
separation of religious associations from the state, the state:
* is not to interfere in questions of the formation by a citizen
of his attitudes toward religion or of his religious affiliation,
or in the upbringing of children by their parents or guardians
in accordance with their own convictions and with the right of
the child to freedom of conscience and of creed;
* is not to call upon religious associations to carry out the
functions of organs of state power, other state organs, state
institutions or organs of local government;
* is not to interfere in the activities of religious associations
if those activities do not contradict this federal law;
* is to secure the secular character of education and of state
and municipal educational institutions.
4.3. The state is to secure the observance and protection of the
rights of citizens to freedom of conscience and creed and the
equality of religious associations before the law; is to regulate
by law the granting of tax privileges and other privileges to
religious organisations; and is to provide financial, material
and other aid to religious organisations in the restoration,
maintenance and protection of buildings and objects which are
monuments of history and culture, and also in providing
instruction in general educational subjects in educational
institutions created by religious organisations in accordance
with the laws of the Russian Federation on education.
4.4. The activities of organs of state power and of organs of
local government may not be accompanied by public religious
rituals or ceremonies. Functionaries of organs of state power,
of other state organs and of local government, and also military
personnel do not have the right to use their official positions
for the formation of one or another type of attitude toward
4.5. In accordance with the constitutional principle of the
separation of religious associations from the state, religious
* are formed and carry out their activities in accordance with
their own hierarchical and institutional structure; choose,
appoint and replace their personnel in accordance with their own
* are not to carry out functions of organs of state power, other
state organs, state institutions or organs of local government;
* are not to take part in the elections of organs of state power
or of local government;
* are not to take part in the activities of political parties or
political movements, or to provide them with material or other
4.6. The separation of religious associations from the state is
not to entail any limitation on the rights of their members to
take part equally with others in the managing of state affairs,
in the elections of organs of state power and of organs of local
government, or in the activities of political parties or
movements or of other social associations.
4.7. By request of religious organisations, the appropriate
organs of state power in the Russian Federation have the right
to declare religious holidays as non-working days in the
Article 5. Religious Education.
5.1. Everyone may receive religious education according to his
choice, individually or jointly with others.
5.2. The upbringing and education of children is to be carried
out by parents or guardians, taking into account the right of the
child to freedom of conscience and of creed.
5.3. Religious organizations have the right, in accordance with
their charters and with the laws of the Russian Federation, to
create educational institutions.
5.4. Upon the request of their parents or guardians, with the
agreement of children studying in state or municipal educational
institutions, the administration of these institutions by
agreement with the appropriate organ of local government is to
offer religious organizations the opportunity to teach religion
to children outside the framework of the educational program.
CHAPTER TWO: RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS
Article 6. Religious Associations
6.1. As a religious association in the Russian Federation is
recognized a voluntary association of citizens of the Russian
Federation and other persons permanently and legally residing on
the territory of the Russian Federation, formed with the goals
of joint confession and dissemination of their faith and
possessing features corresponding to that goal:
* a creed;
* the performance of worship services, religious rituals and
* the teaching of religion and the religious upbringing of its
6.2. Religious associations may be created in the form of
religious groups or religious organisations.
6.3. The creation of religious associations in organs of state
power, other state organs, state institutions, organs of local
government, military installations, or in state or municipal
organisations is not permitted.
6.4. The creation and activities of religious associations the
goals and actions of which violate the law is forbidden.
Article 7 A Religious Group
7.1. A voluntary association of citizens, formed for the goals
of joint confession and dissemination of their faith, carrying
out its activities without state registration and without
obtaining the legal capabilities of a legal personality, is
recognized as a religious group in this federal law. Premises,
and property necessary for the activities of a religious group,
are to be provided for the use of the group by its participants.
7.2. Citizens forming a religious group with the intention of
eventually transforming it into a religious organization are to
inform the local authorities about its creation and the beginning
of its activities.
7.2 Religious groups have the right to carry out worship
services, religious rituals, and ceremonies, and also the
teaching of religion and religious upbringing of their followers
Art. 8 A Religious Organization
8.1. A free association of citizens, or other persons permanently
and legally residing on the territory of the Russian Federation,
formed with the goals of joint confession and dissemination of
their faith, and registered as a legal personality in accordance
with practice established by law, is recognized as a religious
8.2. Religious organisations, depending on the territory where
they are active, are divided into local and centralized ones.
8.3. A religious organization consisting of ten or more
participants who are at least 18 years old and who are
permanently residing in one locality or in one urban or rural
settlement is recognized as a local religious organization.
8.4 A religious organization consisting in accordance with its
charter of no fewer than three local religious organizations is
recognized as a centralized religious organization.
8.5 A centralized religious organization the structures of
which have been active on the territory of the Russian Federation
on a legal basis for no fewer than 50 years as of the moment when
the said religious organization files its application for state
registration to the registering organ has the right to use in its
names the words 'Russia', 'Russian' and derivatives of these.
8.6. An institution formed by a central religious organization
in accordance with its charter or an organization which has the
aim and features specified in Point 1 of Article 6 of this
federal law, including a governing or coordinating organ or
institution or also an institution of professional religious
education is also recognized as a religious organization.
8.7. The organs of State, in considering matters touching upon
the activity of religious organizations within society, are to
take into account the territorial sphere of the activities of a
religious organization, and are to grant the appropriate
religious organizations the chance of participating in
considering these questions.
8.8. A religious organization is to have a full name which
contains information on its confessional adherence. A religious
organization must indicate its full name when it carries out its
8.9 Religious organizations are obliged to inform annually the
organ registering religious organizations of the continuation of
their activities, including the information contained in the
single state register of legal personalities. Such information
about local religious organizations can be presented to the
registering organ by the appropriate centralized religious
organization. Failure to submit this information over a
three-year period gives the registering organ grounds to appeal
to a court to declare that the religious organization has ceased
Art 9. The Creation of A Religious Organization
9.1 No fewer than ten citizens of the Russian Federation may be
founders of a local religious organization, joining together as
a religious group which must have confirmation from the organs
of the local government that it has existed on the given
territory for no less than fifteen years, or confirmation from
a centralized religious organization of the same creed that it
forms part of its structure.
9.2. Centralized religious organizations are formed when there
exist no fewer than three local religious organizations of the
same creed, in accordance with the internal procedures of the
religious organizations if these do not contradict the law.
Art. 10 The Charter of A Religious Organization
10.1. A religious organization functions on the basis of its
charter, which is confirmed by its founders or by a centralized
religious organization, and which must conform with the demands
of the civic law of the Russian Federation.
10.2. The charter of a religious organization is to include:
* its name, address, type of religious organization, creed, and,
when it belongs to an already existing centralized religious
organization, its name;
* its aims, goals and basic forms of activity;
* the procedure for its creation and termination of activity;
* the structure of the organization, its administrative organs,
the procedure for their formation and areas of competence;
* the sources of finance and other property of the organization;
* the procedure for introducing changes and additions to its
* the procedure for disposing of property should it cease its
* other information relevant to the peculiarities of the
activities of the said religious organization.
Art. 11 State Registration of Religious Organizations
11.1. State registration of religious organizations is performed
by the federal organs of justice and by the organs of justice of
the subjects of the Russian Federation by rules to be established
in accordance with the civic law of the Russian Federation and
with this federal law.
11.2 State registration of a local and also of a centralized
religious organization consisting of local religious
organizations located within the limits of the territory of one
subject of the Russian Federation, is performed by the organ of
justice of the corresponding subject of the Russian Federation.
11.3. The federal organ of justice registers centralized
religious organizations which have local religious organizations
on the territory of two or more subjects of the Russian
11.4. State registration of religious organizations formed by
centralized religious organizations in accordance with point 7
of Article 8 of this federal law is performed by that organ of
justice which registered the corresponding religious
11.5 For the state registration of a local religious
organization, its founders are to submit the following to the
relevant organs of justice...
* an application for registration;
* a list of those who form the religious organization with an
indication of their citizenship, their home address, and date of
* the charter of the religious organization;
* minutes of the constituent meeting which founded it
* a document issued by an organ of the local government and
confirming that the said religious group has existed over the
course of no less than fifteen years on the relevant territory,
or a document confirming its membership in a centralized
religious organization and issued by that centralized
organization's governing body...
* information on its basic creed and related practice, including
the history of how the religion arose and a history of the said
association. The forms and methods of its activity, its attitudes
toward the family and marriage, toward education, particulars of
its attitude toward the health of its followers, restrictions on
the organization's members and clergy as regards their rights and
duties as citizens;
* a document confirming the location (legal address) of the of
the newly formed religious organization
11.6. In a case in which the supreme governing organ (center)
of the religious organization which is being formed is located
outside the Russian Federation, in addition to the documents
stipulated in point 5 of the present article, in accordance with
established practice, the statutes or other founding document of
the foreign religious organization, confirmed by a state organ
of the country in which the organization is located, must be
11.7 The basis for state registration of centralized religious
organizations, and also of religious organizations formed by
centralized religious organizations, is:
* an application for registration;
* a list of the founders of the religious organization;
*the charter of the newly-formed religious organization,
confirmed by its founder (founders);
*a document confirming the location (legal address) of the
newly-formed religious organization;
a copy, attested by a notary, of the charter and proof of the
state registration of the founder (founders);
the appropriate decisions of legally competent organs of the
In the creation of a centralized religious organization the
founder (founders) is to present also the charters of no fewer
than three local religious organizations which belong to its
structure, and information about any other religious
organizations included in its structure.
11.8 An application for state registration of a religious
organization created by an existing religious organization or
according to a confirmation issued by an existing centralized
religious organization is to be reviewed within a month from the
day when all the documents listed in this article have been
submitted. In other cases, the registering organ has the right
to extend the period for examination of the documents for a
further six months for the carrying out of state expert analysis
by specialists in religious studies. The procedure for the
execution of this state study is to be established by the
Government of the Russian Federation.
11.9. In cases where an applicant (applicants) does not observe
the requirements in points 4,5 and 6 of the current article, the
registering organ has the right to disregard the application,
informing the applicant (applicants) of this decision.
11.10. In cases where the decision is positive, a certificate
is given to the applicant of the state registration of the
religious organization in the established form, and information
about the registration is recorded in the single state register
of legal persons, available for public scrutiny.
11.11. Changes and additions to the charters of religious
organizations are subject to state registration in the same way
as the registration of religious organizations, and come into
force for third parties from the moment they are registered with
11.12 When a religious organization changes any of the data
included in the single state register of legal persons it must
inform the registering organ within a month from the day of the
Art. 12 Refusal by the State to Register a Religious Organization
12.1. The state can refuse to register a religious organization
in the following cases:
* if the aims and activity of a religious organization are linked
with the infringement of the Constitution of the Russian
Federation and of current laws, with references to specific
articles and laws;
* the non-recognition of an organization as religious;
* when the charter and other representative documents do not
conform with the demands of laws of the Russian Federation or
when the information contained therein is inauthentic;
* the presence of a previously registered organization of the
same name in the single state register of legal personalities;
* when a founding member (members) is not legally competent.
12.2. The refusal of state registration to a religious
organization is communicated in writing to the applicant giving
the grounds for refusal. Refusal on grounds of the inexpediency
of creating a religious organization is impermissible. The
refusal of a registering body to grant state registration to a
religious organization, as well as the evasion of such
registration, can be brought before a court.
Art. 13 Representative Bodies of Foreign Religious Organizations
13.1. A religious organization is designated as foreign if it
has been created outside the confines of the Russian Federation
and according to the laws of a foreign state.
13.2 the right to open a representative body in the Russian
Federation may be granted to a foreign religious organization.
A representative body of a foreign religious organization may
not engage in liturgical or other religious activities, and does
not receive the status of a religious association as established
by this federal law.
13.3 The procedure for the registration, opening and closing of
a representative body of a religious organization is to be
established by the Government of the Russian Federation in
accordance with the law of the Russian Federation.
13.4. In the case of a positive decision about the registration
of the representative body of a foreign religious organization,
a certificate in a form to be established by the Government of
the Russian Federation is issued to the representative body of
the foreign religious organization.
13.5 A Russian religious organization has the right to have
attached to itself a representative body of a foreign religious
Art. 14 The Liquidation of a Religious Organization and the Banning of a Religious Organization's Activities in the Event of Their Breaking the Law
14.1. Religious organizations can be liquidated:
* by decision of their founders, or by the organ empowered to do
this by a religious organization's charter;
* by a court decision in the case of frequent and gross
infringement of the norms of the Constitution of the Russian
Federation, or infringement of this federal law and other federal
laws, or in the case of systematic activities by a religious
organization which contradict the goals for which it was created
(the goals in its charter).
14.2. Grounds for liquidating a religious organization or for
banning the activities of a religious organization or religious
group by judicial order are:
* the undermining of social order and security or threats to the
security of the State;
* actions aimed at forcibly changing the foundations of the
Constitutional structure or destroying the unity of the Russian
* the creation of armed units;
* propaganda of war, the igniting of social, racial, national or
religious dissension or hatred between people;
* forcing a family to disintegrate;
* the infringement of the person, the rights and freedom of a
* the infliction of damage established in accordance with the law
on the morality or health of citizens, including the use in
connection with their religious activities of narcotic or
psychoactive substances, hypnosis, the performing of depraved or
other disorderly actions;
* encouraging suicide or the refusal on religious grounds of
medical help to persons in life-endangering or health-endangering
* hindering the receiving of compulsory education;
* forcing members and followers of the religious association or
other persons to alienate property which belongs to them for the
use of the religious association;
* hindering a citizen from leaving a religious association by
threatening harm to life, health, property if there is a danger
of this threat's actually being carried out, or by using force
or other illegal actions.
* inciting citizens to refuse to fulfill their civic obligations
established by law, or to perform other disorderly actions.
14.3. The organs of the procuracy of the Russian Federation and
the organ carrying out the registration of religious
organizations and also the organs of local government have the
right to bring a case to court on the liquidation of a religious
organization or the banning of the activities of a religious
organization or a religious group.
14.4. The legal capacity of a liquidated religious organization
as a legal personality ceases and the property of this religious
organization is distributed in accordance with its charter and
with the civic law of the Russian Federation.
14.5 The grounds and procedure for the liquidation of a
religious organization by decision of a court also apply to the
banning of the activities of a religious group.
CHAPTER III. RIGHTS AND CONDITIONS FOR THE ACTIVITY OF RELIGIOUS
Art. 15 Internal Regulations of Religious Organizations
15.1. Religious organizations act in accordance with their own
internal regulations if these do not contradict the laws of the
Russian Federation in force. They possess the legal capabilities
stipulated in their charters.
15.2. The State respects the internal regulations of religious
organizations if these do not contradict the laws of the Russian
Federation in force.
Art. 16 Religious Rites and Ceremonies
16.1. Religious organizations have the right to found and
maintain religious buildings and equipment and other places and
objects specially designated for worship services, for prayer and
religious gatherings, for religious veneration (pilgrimages).
16.2. Worship services, religious rites and ceremonies take place
without hindrance in religious buildings and structures and on
their adjoining territory, in other places made available to
religious organizations for these purposes, in places of
pilgrimage, in institutions and at the enterprises of religious
organizations, in cemeteries and crematoria, and also in
16.3. Religious organizations have the right to carry out
religious rites in health centers and hospitals, in children's
homes, in old people's homes and institutions for the
handicapped, and in institutions applying sentences of
imprisonment for criminal offenses at the request of the citizens
held there in premises specially designated by the administration
for these purposes. Religious rites are permitted in premises
at places of detention under guard with the proviso that the laws
of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation are observed.
16.4. Those in command of military units, while observing the
requirements of military regulations, are not to hinder military
personnel from participating in worship services and in other
16.5. In other instances, public worship services, religious
rites and ceremonies are to be carried out in accordance with the
rules established for mass rallies, street processions and
Art. l7 Religious Literature and Articles of Religious Significance
17.1. Religious organizations have the right to produce, acquire,
export, import and distribute religious literature, printed,
audio and video material and other articles of religious
17.2. Religious organizations have the exclusive right to
institute enterprises for producing liturgical literature and
articles for religious services.
17.3. Literature, printed, audio and video material issued by
religious organizations, must be marked with the full official
name of the said religious organization.
Art. 18 Charitable and Cultural-Educational Activities of Religious Organizations
18.1. Religious organizations have the right to carry out
charitable activities, either directly or by instituting
18.2. In order to enact their charters' aims and goals religious
organizations have the right in accordance with the law of the
Russian Federation to create cultural-educational organizations,
educational and other institutions, and also to found organs of
18.3. The state is to cooperate with and support the charitable
activities of religious organizations, as well as the
implementation of their socially significant cultural and
educational programs and undertakings.
Art. 19 Institutions of Professional Religious Education
19.1. Religious organizations in accordance with their charters
have the exclusive right to create institutions for professional
religious education (spiritual educational institutions) for
preparing clergy and religious personnel.
19.2. Institutions of professional religious education are
subject to registration as religious organizations and are to
receive state licenses for the right to carry out educational
19.3. Citizens who are studying as resident students in
departments of professional religious institutions which have
state licenses have the right to defer their military service in
accordance with the laws on military duty and military service
and to make use of other privileges granted in accordance with
the laws of the Russian Federation.
Art. 20 International Links and Contacts
20.1. Religious organizations have the right to establish and
maintain international links and contacts, including those for
the goals of pilgrimages, participation in meetings and other
undertakings, for receiving religious education, and also they
have the right to invite foreign citizens for these purposes.
20.2. Religious organizations have the exclusive right to invite
foreign citizens for professional purposes, including preaching
and religious activity in the said organizations in accordance
with federal laws.
Art. 21 The Right to Property of Religious Organizations
21.1. Religious organizations can own buildings, plots of land,
objects for the purpose of production and for social, charitable,
educational and other purposes, articles of religious
significance, financial means and other property which is
essential for their activity including that necessary for
historical and cultural monuments.
21.2 Religious organizations have the right to own property which
has been acquired or created by their own means, by the donations
of citizens or of organizations or transferred to them by the
State, or acquired by other means in conformity with the laws of
the Russian Federation.
21.3. The transfer to the ownership of religious organizations
of religious buildings and constructions, with the adjoining
land, and other property of religious significance for their use
for functional purposes from state and municipal ownership, is
to take place free charge.
21.4. Religious organizations have the right to own property
21.5 Creditors may not institute proceedings against real estate
or other property designated for worship purposes. The list of
types of property designated for worship services, against which
creditors may not institute proceedings, is to be established by
the government of the Russian Federation according to the
recommendations of religious organizations.
Art. 22 The Use of Property Belonging to the State, the Citizens, and Associations
22.1. Religious organizations have the right to use for their own
needs plots of land, buildings and property provided by state,
municipal, social and other organizations and citizens in
accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation.
22.2. The transfer to religious organizations, for their use
according to their stated functions, of buildings or other
structures for worship with the land adjoining them owned by the
state or by a municipality, or of other property of religious
significance owned by the state or by a municipality, is to take
place free of charge.
Art. 23 Business Undertakings of Religious Organizations
Registered religious organizations have the right to carry out
business undertakings and to create their own enterprises in
accordance with the law established by the civic laws of the
Art. 24 Labour Laws in Religious Organizations
24.1. Religious organizations in accordance with their charters
have the right to hire employees.
24.2. Payment and conditions of work are established according
to the laws of the Russian Federation with a working agreement
(contract) between the religious organization (employer) and the
employee concluded with the agreement of both sides.'
24.3. Citizens who work in religious organizations according to
a working agreement (contract) are subject to labor laws.
24.4 Employees of religious organizations and also clergy, are
to be provided social guarantees, social insurance and pension
guarantees in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER IV. THE SUPERVISION AND MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION
OF THE LAW ON FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE AND ON RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS
Art. 25. Implementation of Supervision and Monitoring
25.1. Monitoring the implementation of the law of The Russian
Federation on freedom of conscience and on religious associations
is carried out by the organs of the Procuracy of the Russian
25.2. The organ which registers a religious organization monitors
that organization's observance of its own charter as regards the
aims and rules of its activity.
Art. 26. Liability for Violating the Law on Freedom of Conscience and on Religious Associations
Violation of the law of the Russian Federation on freedom of
conscience and on religious associations involves criminal,
administrative and other liability in accordance with the laws
of the Russian Federation.
Art. 27. Closing Provisions
27.1. This Federal law is to take effect from the day of its
27.2. The Government of the Russian Federation is to adopt the
necessary normative legal acts for the implementation of this
27.3. The charters and other founding documents of religious
organizations established before this Federal law comes into
force must be brought into conformity with this federal law.
Until the charters and other founding documents of religious
organizations have been brought into conformity with this federal
law, only those parts of the charters and other founding
documents of religious organizations remain in force which do not
contradict this federal law.
A religious organization may not be re-registered if there are
grounds for its liquidation or prohibition of its activities as
indicated in point 2 of article 14 of this federal law. When
re-registration has been denied on these grounds, the registering
organ is to transmit the materials to a court.
Religious organizations which do not possess a document proving
their existence on the corresponding territory over the course
of at least 15 years are to enjoy the rights of a legal person
on the condition of re-registration every year until the
expiration of the indicated 15-year period. During this period
these religious organizations are not to enjoy the rights
stipulated in point 4 of article 3, points 3 and 4 of article 5,
point 5 of article 13, point 3 of article 16, points 1 and 2 of
article 17, point 2 of article 18 (as applicable to educational
institutions and mass media), article 19 and point 2 of article
20 of this federal law.
27.4 The re-registration with the State of religious
organizations created before this federal law has come into force
must take place no later than 31 December 1999 in accordance with
the requirements of this federal law. Once this period has
expired, religious organizations which have not completed
re-registration may be liquidated by court order upon the appeal
of the of the body which conducts state registration of religious
27.6. Recognize as no longer in force the Law of the RSFSR "On
Freedom of Religious Confession" (Gazette of the RSFSR Congress
of Peoples' Deputies and of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet, 1990, No.
21, Art. 240; Collection of the Laws of the Russian Federation,
1995, No. 5, Art. 346) and the Resolution of the Supreme Soviet
of the RSFSR "On Freedom of Religious Confession" (Gazette of the
RSFSR Congress of Peoples' Deputies and of the RSFSR Supreme
Soviet, 1990, No. 21, Art. 241) from the day when this federal
law comes into force.
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