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"How did murders go unnoticed?"

("Hong Kong Standard", November 4, 2000)

As police expose the rising scale of mass cult murders, Uganda is struggling to understand how such monstrous crimes went unnoticed for so long.
Almost every day in southwestern Uganda a new mass grave is found. More than 900 members of the cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments have been slain.
Another 4,000 are unaccounted for.
Investigators, overwhelmed by the biggest cult mass murders of recent history, are hard pressed just to complete the grim task of recovering the bodies.
How and why this could happen remains a mystery. What was the motive? How could so many murders have been carried out without raising local suspicions?
``We find it hard to understand,'' said Thaddeus Barungi, the only police pathologist in Uganda, as he watched another body being pulled from a grave. ``Actually we find it impossible to understand how something like this could have happened.''
The saga began two weeks ago when the cult's main ``church'' in Kanungu burned to the ground, killing around 500 people.
Initially treated as mass suicide, police are now positive it was mass murder, with followers lured into the church for a prayer meeting then locked inside as the building burned.
One cult leader ``Father'' Dominic Kataribabo, at whose house 155 corpses would later be discovered, was seen buying 40 litres of stolen concentrated sulphuric acid days before the fire.
Police say four canisters of acid were placed at each corner of the building and mixed with water to create a violent reaction that would precipitate the blaze. Petrol was also sprinkled about the room.
``The intense heat, exemplified by the way the heads exploded and brains liquefied, suggest that it was all over very quickly,'' one senior investigator told reporters. ``Most of them would not have had time to find out what was going on.''
Since last Friday 389 bodies have been pulled out of five mass graves at three of the cult's branches in the country's southwest. Preliminary forensic reports show many were probably strangled. Most of the victims were women and children.
Police have identified overall leader Joseph Kibwetere, who started the cult in 1987, Gredonia Mwerinda, a former barmaid and prostitute and Kataribabo, an excommunicated priest, as among their main suspects. They are believed to be on the run.
While it may never be possible to get into the heads of the fanatical Christian cult leaders who led the brutal killings, police have identified some possible motives.
Kibwetere and Mwerinda, who said they regularly communicated with Jesus and the Virgin Mary, had told followers the world would end on December 31, 1999. When it did not, they may have started killing members who questioned their beliefs and their authority.
There could also have been a financial motive. When people joined the cult they were told to give their possessions to cult leaders, and when Doomsday did not arrive, some apparently began demanding them back.
But how so many people could have been killed is even more difficult to comprehend.
Neighbours at the sites where mass graves have been discovered say they saw nothing. Visitors were discouraged from coming to cult branches and victims were mainly buried in secluded gardens or beneath rooms in buildings.
Local authorities suspected something strange was going on, but their reports were either suppressed or ignored.

`Bishop' quizzed"

(Agence France-Presse, November 3, 2000)

Ugandan police said on Friday that they were questioning a second person over the deaths of some 800 cult followers.
Joseph Ssettuba Ssemande, alias ``The Bishop'', was arrested on Thursday in the southwest, police spokesman John Kimera, said. ``But so far no evidence has been found to link him to the deaths.''
The decision to detain Ssemande was based on family members being followers of the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God cult.
Officers already had in custody an assistant district commissioner for Kanungu, where more than 300 members of the cult died in a church fire on March 17, sparking a search for mass graves. That search has yielded nearly 500 other bodies.
Mutazindwa was alleged to have suppressed a warning about the cult.

Index Page: Ten Commandments of God: Tragedy in Uganda

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Revised last: 5-11-2000