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CAN, We Hardly Knew Ye: Sex, Drugs, Deprogrammers’ Kickbacks, and Corporate Crime in the (old) Cult Awareness Network



1. [back] The jury awarded Jason Scott $875,000 in compensatory damages and punitive damages in the amount of $1,000,000 against CAN, $2,500,000 against deprogrammer Rick Ross, and $250,000 each against Ross’ two accomplices.

2. [back] Remarks of U.S. District Judge John C. Coughenour, Seattle, Washington. Jason Scott Plaintiff v. Rick Ross et al. Defendants. Case No. C94-00796. November 29, 1995. Pp. 8, 14.

3. [back] See Erich Goode, 1997. Deviant Behavior. Fifth Edition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; and David R. Simon and D. Stanley Eitzen, 1990. Elite Deviance. Third Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

4. [back] See, e.g., Anson Shupe and David G. Bromley, eds., 1994. Anti-cult Movements in Cross-Cultural Perspective. New York: Garland.

5. [back] Anson Shupe and Susan E. Darnell, 2001. Toxic Hate: Religious Intolerance in Modern America. Forthcoming.

6. [back] Anson D. Shupe, Jr. and David G. Bromley, 1980. The New Vigilantes: Deprogrammers. Anti-cultists and the New Religions. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

7. [back] The symbiotic relationship between AFF and CAN is not dealt with in this paper. See Shupe, Moxon and Darnell, 2001.

8. [back] Anson Shupe, 1992. "The Accommodation and Deradicalization of Innovative Religious movements." Pp. 28-39 in Bronislaw Misztal and Anson Shupe, eds., Revival of Religious Fundamentalism in East and West. Westport, Praeger.

9. [back] See, for definitional contrasts, Valerie Jenness and Kendal Broad, 1997. Hate Crimes: New Social Movements and the Politics of Violence. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.

10. [back] Barbara Perry, 2000. "‘Button-Down Terror’: The Metamorphosis of the Hate Movement." Sociological Focus Vol. 33 (No. 2, May): 113.

11. [back] (Notarized) Declaration of Kent E. Vaughn. Riverside. CA. County of Riverside. November 20, 1992.

12. [back] Ibid.

13. [back] Ibid.

14. [back] Ibid.

15. [back] Ibid.

16. [back] Memo from John M. Sweeney, Jr. to Steve Hassan, Erica Heftman, Barbara and Gary Scharff. Sub: An Ethics Problem. June 25, 1980.

17. [back] (Notarized) Declaration of John M. Sweeney, Jr. on deprogramming and the Citizens Freedom Foundation. Maricopa County, Arizona. March 17, 1992.

18. [back] Letter of John M. Sweeney, Jr. to Adrian Greek, April 29, 1980.

19. [back] Ibid. Actually a similar plan involving a deprogramming ranch was tried in Tucson, Arizona several years prior but collapsed under the weight of lawsuits. See Shupe and Bromley, op. cit., Pp. 139-42.

20. [back] Sweeney, 1992. op. cit.

21. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser in Cynthia Kisser vs. The Chicago Crusade of Illinois et al. September 30,1994. County of Cook, State of Illinois. Case No. 92 L 08593.

22. [back] Cited in generic promotional flyer/letter from Rick Ross entitled "Dear Director or Organizational Leader." September 27, 1994.

23. [back] Deposition of Priscilla D. Coates. in Wilson/Sterling vs. CAN, Kisser, Coates et al. February 19, 1993. Hollywood, CA. Case BC 043028. A more sympathetic account of CAN’s origins and activities is provide in Priscilla D. Coates, "The Cult Awareness Network." Pp. 93-101 in Shupe and Bromley, 1994, op cit.

24. [back] Letter of Rick Ross (Phoenix, Arizona) to Priscilla Coates (Glendale, California). April 28, 1988.

25. [back] Sworn (notarized) Declaration of Eugene M. Ingram, licensed private investigator, Ingram Investigations. October 30, 1992. Los Angeles, California.

26. [back] Sworn (notarized) Statement of Dr. Lowell D. Streiker, May 14, 1992. San Mateo County, California.

27. [back] Sworn (notarized) Declaration of Mark Blocksom. July 17, 1992. Blocksom allegedly later sought to refute his own declaration when confronted by a reporter from 60 Minutes as having signed the declaration to obtain future work.

28. [back] "CAN Deprogrammers Hit with Arrests." The Bakersfield News Observer. February 12, 1992.

29. [back] Deposition of Marty Butz in Cynthia Kisser vs. The Chicago Crusader et al. October 26, 1994. County of Cook, Illinois. Case No. 92. L 08593. See also Affidavit of Allen T. Stanfield, September 20, 1984. County of McLean, Illinois.

30. [back] J. Gordon Melton, 1986. Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America. New York: Garland Press, Pp. 4-5.

31. [back] In J. Carroll and B. Baker, 1979. “Suicide Training in the Moon Cult.” New West (January 29), P. 68.

32. [back] Jim Siegelman and Flo Conway, 1979. “Playboy Interview: Ted Patrick.” Playboy (March), Pp. 53ff.

33. [back] See Shupe and Bromley, 1980. op cit., P. 115.

34. [back] David G. Bromley and Anson Shupe, 1995. “Anti-cultism in the United States: Origins, Ideology and Organizational Development.” Social Compass Vol. 42 (June), P. 227.

35. [back] Philip Jenkins, 2000. Mystics and Messiahs: Cults and New Religions in American history. New York: Oxford University Press, Pp. 5, 7.

36. [back] Deposition of Marty Butz, op cit.

37. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser, September 30, 1994, op cit.

38. [back] Deposition of Patricia Allen Ryan in Wilson/Sterling vs. CAN et al. May 13, 1993. Hollywood, CA.

39. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser, September 30, 1994, op cit.

40. [back] Excerpt from an unpublished draft of Rick Ross’s book Mind Control -- The Fundamentalist Syndrome, authored and edited by Rick Ross.

41. [back] Joseph Neff, 1993. “Adoption battle. gets new life from court.” News & Observer. Raleigh, NC. 9/8/93

42. [back] See, e.g., Thomas Robbins, 1988. Cults. Converts and Charisma. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE; or Shupe and Bromley, 1980. op cit.

43. [back] See New York Times, 4/25/1982; and "Ted Patrick, starter of deprogramming, faces sex charges." The News World. New York City. 10/20/1981.

44. [back] Notarized Declaration of Jennifer Jacobs. August 24, 1991. State of California.

45. [back] William Shece, 1997. "The real cult." Freedom magazine. November, P. 15.

46. [back] Affidavit of Claire Kelley, September 20, 1977. County of Suffolk, State of Massachusetts. Earlier "coercive deprogrammer" Hassan himself acknowledges his role in such attempted deprogrammings. See mass mailing letter to ACM members from Steven Hassan, M. Ed from Boston, MA. October 21, 1993. Unpublished document.

47. [back] Henry Kuegel, 1980. "I Am the Witness: Anatomy of a Deprogramming Attempt." February, Pp. 3-4. Unpublished document.

48. [back] Justin M. Norton, 1994. "Ex-deputy pleads, faces jail term in ‘92 kidnapping." Loudin Times-Mirror. Leesberg, VA. 6/8.

49. [back] Sworn Declaration of Debra Dobkowski. May 19, 1992. District of Washington, DC.

50. [back] Streiker, op cit.

51. [back] Ibid.

52. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser in Cynthia Kisser vs. The Chicago Crusader et al. September 28, 1994. No. 92 L 08593. Countery of Cook, IL.

53. [back] Nora Hamerman, 1994. "Don Moore: Headed for the CAN." The New Federalist Vol. 8, #14. April 25, P. 12.

54. [back] See endnote 17.

55. [back] See endnote 17.

56. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser in Jonathan Nordquist vs. Larry Zilliox et al. June 24, 1992. No. 92 L1447. County of Cook, II.

57. [back] See endnote 29.

58. [back] Letter of Rick Ross (Phoenix, Arizona) to Priscilla Coates (Glendale, California). July 30, 1985

59. [back] Deposition of Cynthia Kisser in The Emery Wilson Corporation d/b/a Sterling Management Systems Plaintiff vs. Cult Awareness Network et al. Defendant. Case No. BC 043028. March 3, 1994. Crystal Cove, IL.

60. [back] Letter of CAN president Ronald M. Loomis (on CAN letterhead) to ALL CAN Affiliates and ALL CAN Newsletter Subscribers. June 26, 1987, from Ithaca, NY. P. 4.

61. [back] Preliminary Program for the October, 1987 annual CAN Conference in Portland, Oregon.

62. [back] See endnote 60.

63. [back] Letter from John M. Sweeney, nation director CFF-IS, from Redondo Beach, CA. February 18, 1981.

64. [back] Declaration of Jonathan Lee Nordquist. August 26, 1991. City of Los Angeles, CA. Pp. 17-18. Cynthia Kisser denied Nordquist’s statements as accurate and claimed that he refuted them later.

65. [back] Ibid, Pp. 17, 48.

66. [back] IRS Publication 557, Chapter 3 section 501 (3).

67. [back] IRS Express Powers that Cause Failure of Organizational Test [7.8.2] 3.3.4 (02-23-1999): C., D.

68. [back] Cynthia Kisser v. The Coalition for Religious Freedom, et al. Motion by Defendants Church of Scientology International, "STAND," Bagley and Jentzsch to Dismiss, Or in the Alternative for Evidentiary Preclusion Order. Case No. 92C4508. April 19, 1995. United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois.

69. [back] FBI Special Agent Daniel Murphy, Affidavit to United States Federal Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania, Exhibit A. "Application of the United States of America for an Order Authorizing the Interception of Wire Communications." July 19, 1997

70. [back] Transcript of FBI Tape #2, T3: DMReel 6. 7/15/92 Edited by bmb, P. 30.

71. [back] Transcript of FBI Tape #2, T3: DMReel 16. 8/02-3,92 Edited by bmb, Pp. 2, 6.

72. [back] Transcript of FBI Tape #2, T3: DMReel 11. 7/21/92 Edited by ssw, P. 10 E. Kisser v. The Coalition for Religious Freedom o cit.

73. [back] Ibid.

74. [back] Ibid.

75. [back] [back] Franklin H. Littell, "Cult Awareness Network Preys on Parents’ Anxieties," Jewish Times October 22, (Vol. 17, No. 33) 1992, P. 37.

76. [back] [back] See US Bankruptcy Court, 95 B 22133, Transcript of Proceedings, 1/30/97 and US Bankruptcy Court, 94 B 22133, Exert A of Proceedings, 10/23/96 68. 69. 70. 71 . 72.

CAN, We Hardly Knew Ye: Sex, Drugs, Deprogrammers’ Kickbacks, and Corporate Crime in the (old) Cult Awareness Network

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