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Aum Shinri-kyo and Related Controversies

1. Killing Fields: Lifton, Brainwashing, and Aum Shinri-kyo

2. Related Relevant Articles

"Cult member to hang for subway nerve-gas attack"
by Richard Lloyd Parry ("UK Independent", June 30, 2000)

"Key cultist sentenced to die for role in two sarin attacks"
("Japan Times," June 30, 2000)

"Aum victims' kin express anger"
("Asahi Shimbun," June 30, 2000)

"AUM cultist sentenced to death for sarin attack"
by Yasuo Hayashi ("Mainichi Shimbun," June 30, 2000)

"Aum cult's decade-long growth into sinister empire"
(AFP, June 29, 2000)

"Japan cult ``murder machine'' sentenced to death"
(Reuters, June 29, 2000)

"Ex-AUM member sentenced to death over sarin attacks"
(Kyodo News Service, June 29, 2000)

"Aum's Hayashi awaits sentence"
("Asahi Shimbun," June 29, 2000)

"Computer outlet staffed by AUM members open in Tokyo"
(Kyodo News Service, June 24, 2000)

"Cultist hints Asahara ordered attack"
("The Japan Times", June 24, 2000)

"72% of criminal cases defended by state-funded lawyers"
(Kyodo News Service , June 23, 2000)

"Japan ponders possibility of biological attack"
(Reuters, June 23, 2000)

"PC outlet staffed by Aum delayed"
("Japan Times," June 18, 2000)

"Prosecutors seek death for cultist"
("Japan Times," June 17, 2000)

"Opening of PC outlet staffed by AUM members postponed"
(Kyodo News Service, June 17, 2000)

"Prosecutors file appeal over life term for Ex-AUM member Inoue"
(Kyodo News Service, June 16, 2000)

"Surveillance is unnecessary as cult poses no danger, Aum leader claims"
("Japan Times," June 16, 2000)

"Aum law fingered in Amnesty International report"
("The Japan Times", June 15, 2000)

"AUM members demand residency registration to vote"
(Kyodo News Service, June 14, 2000)

"Japan's doomsday cult petitions for voting rights"
(Reuters, June 14, 2000)

"Former devout AUM acolyte seeks out redemption"
("Mainichi Shimbun", June 11, 2000)

"Doomsday in Tokyo"
by Haruki Murakami ("South China Morning Post," June 9, 2000)

"Cultist 'glad' to help Asahara by releasing sarin"
("Japan Times," June 9, 2000)

"Naivete, limited role save Inoue from death sentence"
by Toshimune Miyauchi ("Yomiuri Shimbun", June 7, 2000)

"Aum's Inoue gets life for subway sarin attack"
("Yomiuri Shimbun," June 7, 2000)

"Ex-Aum member Inoue gets life term"
("Asahi Shimbun," June 7, 2000)

"Survivors spit on Inoue sentence"
("Mainichi Shimbun," June 7, 2000)

"AUM killer dodges noose"
("Mainichi Shimbun," June 7, 2000)

"Key cult figure gets life term for role in subway gas attack"
("The Japan Times". June 7, 2000)

"Ex-AUM member Inoue given life term for murder"
(Kyodo News Service, June 6, 2000)

"Japan cult member gets life term for subway gassing"
(Reuters, June 6, 2000)

"Aum gun-making trial may open soon"
("Yomiuri Shimbun," June 4, 2000)

"Death row cultist wants leniency for cooperation"
("Japan Times," June 2, 2000)

"Ex-AUM bigwig pleads for life"
("Mainichi Shimbun," June 2, 2000)

"Death row cultist wants leniency for cooperation"
("Japan Times," June 2, 2000)

"Aum leaders told to pay redress "
("The Japan Times", May 30, 2000)

"Movie to recount false arrest in Matsumoto AUM gas attack"
(Kyodo News Service, May 30, 2000)

"AUM sues media over report about continued sarin production"
(Kyodo News Service, May 29, 2000)

"Police seize cult's newly written nerve gas recipe"
by Mari Yamaguchi (Associated Press, 26 May 2000)

"AUM still pursuing sarin studies"
("Mainichi Shimbun", May 26, 2000)

"Main events scheduled for June"
(Kyodo News Service, May 26, 2000)

"Vital AUM base lost"
("Mainichi Shimbun," May 18, 2000)

"AUM gains 4 new members in 2-month period"
(Kyodo News Service, May 15, 2000)

"AUM agrees to pay out 4 bil. yen to victims"
("Mainichi Shimbun," May 12, 2000)

"Aum pledges 4 billion yen"
("The Japan Times," May 12, 2000)

"AUM to pay 4.1 bil. yen to victims of AUM-induced crimes"
(Kyodo News Service, May 11, 2000)

"Japan's Aum cult offers $37 mln to gas victims"
(Reuters, May 11, 2000)

"Supreme and ugly truths"
by Mami Fukae ("Asahi Shimbun," May 7, 2000)

"Man nabbed for attack on AUM facility"
("Mainichi Shimbun," May 5, 2000)

"Osaka Aum building target of arson"
(Yomiuri Shimbun," May 4, 2000)

"AUM look-alike cult operating in Crimea: Russian TV"
(Kyodo News Service, May 2, 2000)

"Administrator urges AUM to keep paying compensation"
(Kyodo News Service, May 2, 2000)

"AUM trapped in power struggle"
("Mainichi Shimbun", April 30, 2000)

"40,000 yen of bank deposit by AUM-linked firm seized"
(Kyodo News Service, April 24, 2000)

"Asahara's daughter busted for possessing knife"
("Mainichi Shimbun", April 23, 2000)

"Japanese Cult Leader Kin Arrested"
(Associated Press, April 22, 2000)

"Asahara's missing daughter arrested after traffic accident"
(Kyodo News Service, April 22, 2000)

"AUM voluntarily reports to agency about software firms"
(Kyodo News Service, April 17, 2000)

"Gov't promises probe of AUM's role in computer system"
(Kyodo News Service, April 14, 2000)

"Cultist worked on MSDF system"
("Asahi Shimbun", April 14, 2000)

"AUM developed MSDF software"
("Mainichi Shimbum", April 14, 2000)

"Japan cult may have had top defence secrets-media"
(Reuters, April 13, 2000)

"MPD: Guru told Aum to change name"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", April 11, 2000)

"AUM changed name on Asahara's orders"
("Mainichi Shimbun", April 12, 2000)

"Asahara ordered cult's name change in 1995"
(Kyodo News Service, April 11, 2000)

"AUM kids start school in Saitama"
("Mainichi Shimbun", April 11, 2000)

"2 AUM children attend school ceremony for new year"
(Kyodo News Service, April 10, 2000)

"AUM members made sarin day before 1995 Tokyo subway attack"
(Kyodo News Service, March 30, 2000)

"Lawyer lost way being with Aum"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 30, 2000)

"Aum lawyer off to jail"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 30, 2000)

"Aum papers hold detailed nuclear info"
("Yomiuri Shimbun" March 29, 2000)

"AUM cult lists 229 more followers to total 1,226"
(Kyodo News Service, March 29, 2000)

"2 of Asahara's children allowed to go to school"
(Kyodo News Service, March 29, 2000)

"Ex-legal adviser to AUM given 12 years in prison"
(Kyodo News Service, March 29, 2000)

"Japanese Cult Lawyer Sentenced"
(Associated Press, March 29, 2000)

"Ex-Aum lawyer Aoyama gets 12-year prison term"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 29, 2000)

"Cult siphoned nuclear data: Police say Aum Shinrikyo-related software developers built dossiers on researchers"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 29, 2000)

"AUM had nuke-plant info"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 28, 2000)

"Aum kids' school placement at issue in new facility searches"
("Japan Times", March 24, 2000)

"Aum head's trial enters 150th hearing"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 23, 2000)

"Taxman catches up with Aleph cult firms"
(Associated Press, March 22, 2000)

"Some AUM sarin victims now allergic to chemicals"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 22, 2000)

"Continued aid for sarin victims urged"
("Japan Times", March 21, 2000)

"2 Aum computer firms hid 1.2 bil. yen in income"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 21, 2000)

"AUM firms fail to declare 700 mil. yen taxable income"
(Kyodo News Service, March 21, 2000)

"Moment of silence for the victims of sarin gas attack"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 21, 2000 )

"Sarin attack remembered"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 21, 2000)

"Aum defectors face long road back from mind control"
by Kanako Takahara ("Japan Times", March 20, 2000)

"'What ifs' haunt families of Aum's sarin victims"
by Sumiko Oshima ("Japan Times", March 20, 2000)

"Japan Remembers Victims of Attack"
by Ginni Parker (Associated Press, March 20, 2000)

"Obuchi pays respects to victims of subway gassing"
(Kyodo News Service, March 20, 2000)

"Sarin victims say more must be done"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 20, 2000)

"AUM issues statement apologizing for Tokyo subway gassing"
(Kyodo News Service, March 19, 2000)

"Japan safety myth tattered 5 years after cult attack"
by Linda Sieg (Reuters, March 19, 2000)

"Doomsday cult still casts shadow over Japan"
by Elaine Lies (Reuters, Marc 19, 2000)

"AUM kids keeping lawyers busy"
by Yasuyo Nakamoto ("Mainichi Shimbun", March 19, 2000)

"70 sarin attack victims get free medical checkups"
(Kyodo News Service, March 18, 2000)

"Death cult they can't kill haunts a nation"
by Michael Millett ("Sidney Morning Herald", March 17, 2000)

"AUM gas attack victims choking five years on"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 17, 2000)

"Japan Gas Victims Battle Effects"
(Associated Press, March 16, 2000)

"AUM to disband affiliated computer companies"
(Kyodo News Service, March 14, 2000)

"Moscow court rules on damages for AUM victims"
(Kyodo News Service, March 13, 2000)

"AUM leaks shake up MPD"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 12, 2000)

"Sumitomo Bank, Hosei Univ. ordered systems from AUM companies"
(Kyodo News Service, March 11, 2000)

"Japan cult used software to tap police--media"
(Reuters, March 11, 2000)

"Police fear sect may access Japan's computer systems"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", March 11, 2000)

"Major firms tied to cult software"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 11, 2000)

"AUM company provided system for Tokyo police"
(Kyodo News Service, March 10, 2000)

"Asahara told him to kill, cultist says"
("Japan Times", March 10, 2000)

"AUM gas victims awarded 670 mil. yen"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 10, 2000)

"Court orders ex-AUM members to pay compensation"
(Kyodo News Service, March 9, 2000)

"$6.3 million bill for doom cultists"
(Agence France Presse, March 9, 2000)

"Japan cult trial symbol of slow court system"
by George Nishiyama (Reuters, March 9, 2000)

"AUM tries to shirk payouts"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 7, 2000)

"AUM-linked security lapse"
(Editorial, "Mainichi Shimbun", March 6, 2000)

"Aum announces 1997-99 sales revenue of 2.6 billion yen"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 6, 2000)

"Aum announces 1997-99 sales revenue of 2.6 billion yen"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 6, 2000)

"Poll: 80% still anxious about Aum activities"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 5, 2000)

"Aum submits information to agency"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", March 4, 2000)

"AUM member involved in developing online bank system"
(Kyodo News Service, March 3, 2000)

"Most Japanese worry about doomsday cult"
(Reuters, March 2, 2000)

"Local schools to allow AUM children to attend class"
(Kyodo News Service, March 2, 2000)

"AUM obtained list of Honda Motor's senior officials"
(Kyodo News Service, March 2, 2000)

"Japan Software Suppliers Linked to Sect"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", March 2, 2000)

"Provider ordered Aum software"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 2, 2000)

"AUM report says cult has 935 followers, 26 properties"
(Kyodo News Service, March 2, 2000)

"Japan's computers hit by cult fears"
(BBC News, March 1, 2000)

"Japan unveils cult software link"
by Gillian Tett and Michiyo Nakamoto ("Financial Times", March 1, 2000)

"Aum-linked software at ministries"
("Asahi Shimbun", March 1, 2000)

"Gov't buys computers from AUM firm"
("Mainichi Shimbun", March 1, 2000)

"AUM's alias causes Aleph prep school to change name"
(Kyodo News Service, March 1, 2000)

"NTT to stop using software believed made by AUM-linked firms"
(Kyodo News Service, March 1, 2000)

"Japan cult may had back door to govt data"
by George Nishiyama (Reuters, March 1, 2000)

"Gov't to consider suspending use of AUM-linked software"
(Kyodo News Service, March 1, 2000)

"Doomsday Cult Linked to Government"
by Shigeyoshi Kimura (Associated Press, February 29, 2000)

"Japan cult may have had hand in govt computers"
(Reuters, February 29, 2000)

"AUM-related firm provided systems to ministries"
(Kyodo News Service, February 29, 2000)

"Police raid 8 AUM-related facilities"
(Kyodo News Service, February 29, 2000)

"Closing arguments presented for ex-AUM member Hayashi"
(Kyodo News Service, February 28, 2000)

"Under Fire, Japan Sect Starts Over"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", February 28, 2000)

"Municipalities to keep nixing AUM members' registration"
(Kyodo News Service, February 26, 2000)

"Even AUM doesn't deserve this law"
by Kazuo Kojima ("Mainichi Shimbun", February 25, 2000)

"The House That Aum Built: Investigation Proves that the Prohibited Sect is Still Active in Russia"
("Russia Today Magazine", February 24, 2000)

"2 Asahara daughters, man nabbed over son's kidnapping"
(Kyodo News Service, February 19, 2000)

"Japan doomsday cult guru's daughters arrested"
(Reuters, February 19, 2000)

"Gov't paid 440 mil. yen for AUM members' lawyers"
(Kyodo News Service, February 18, 2000)

"Village should let AUM children attend school: minister"
(Kyodo News Service, February 18, 2000)

"Gov't inspects two AUM facilities to find funding sources"
(Kyodo News Service, February 18, 2000)

"Another former doomsday cultist gets life sentence in Tokyo subway gassing"
(Nando Times, February 17, 2000)

"Ex-AUM member gets life term for 1995 subway gassing"
(Kyodo News Service, February 17, 2000)

"Cultists vacate Aum's Osaka branch"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", February 17, 2000)

"Cultist gets life for sarin attack"
("Asahi Shimbun", February 17, 2000)

"Ex-AUM member sues village for refusing kids entry to school"
(Kyodo News Service, February 16, 2000)

"LDP Tokyo chapter official indicted over libeling Ishihara"
(Kyodo News Service, February 15, 2000)

"AUM trying to buy Fukushima hotel"
("Mainichi Shimbun", February 12, 2000)

"Yokohama office of Aum searched"
("Asahi Shimbun", February 11, 2000)

"Security agency officers inspect AUM's Yokohama branch"
(Kyodo News Service, February 10, 2000)

"Japan police search doomsday cult's headquarters"
(Reuters, February 10, 2000)

"AUM member released in bank intimidation case"
("Kyodo News Service", February 9, 2000)

"Japan's doomsday sect launches court battle against crackdown"
(Agence France Presse, February 8, 2000)

"Security agency to meet AUM members Thursday"
(Kyodo News Service, February 8, 2000)

"Japan cult files suit to stop government surveillance"
(Reuters, February 8, 2000)

"AUM seeks court order against gov't surveillance"
(Kyodo News Service, February 8, 2000)

"Keeping a sane head in use of new anti-Aum powers"
(Editorial, "Asahi Shimbun", February 1 - February 7, 2000)

"New powers used to search AUM sites"
("Mainichi Shimbun", February 5, 2000)

"Anti-Aum law searches begin"
("Asahi Shimbun", February 4, 2000)

"Security officers, police inspect AUM facilities"
(Kyodo News Service, February 4, 2000)

"Aum to fight new law in court"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", February 3, 2000)

"Security officers to inspect AUM premises Fri."
(Kyodo News Service, February 3, 2000)

"Police raid 6 AUM facilities in connection with abduction"
(Kyodo News Service, February 3, 2000)

"Agency gets OK to monitor Aum "
("Yomiuri Shimbun", February 2, 2000)

"Security agency, police differ over raids on AUM"
(Kyodo News Service, February 2, 2000)

"AUM members trying to defect need support "
("Mainichi Shimbun", February 2, 2000)

"Aum pays redress to its victims"
("Japan Times", February 2, 2000)

"Japan Sect to be Kept Under Surveillance"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", February 2, 2000)

"Japan's doomsday cult strikes back at clampdown"
(Agence France Presse, February 1, 2000)

"Japan Puts Gas-Attack Sect Under Scrutiny"
("The New York Times", February 1, 2000)

"AUM begins life in a straitjacket"
("Mainichi Shimbun", February 1, 2000)

"Aum put under surveillance"
("Japan Times", January 31, 2000)

"Analysis: Aum's survival in doubt as watch begins"
by Kanako Takahara ("Japan Times", January 31, 2000)

"Japan To Watch Cult More Closely"
by Shihoko Goto (Associated Press, January 31, 2000)

"Cult Offers to Pay Sarin Victims: Compensation for Tokyo Attack to Total $1.1 Million a Year"
(Associated Press, January 31, 2000)

"AUM paying up to 'save hide'"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 31, 2000)

"Acts of Contrition: Doomsday Cult Offers Compensation to Gas Attack Victims"
by Scott Stoddard (Associated Press, January 30, 2000)

"$ 1.1 Million a Year for Cult Gas Victims"
(Reuters, January 30, 2000)

"Japanese police to put Aum sect under surveillance Monday: report"
(Agence France Presse, January 30, 2000)

"New look of apologetic doomsday cultist creates fear not sympathy"
(Associated Press, January 30, 2000)

"Key Events in Japanese Cult History"
(Associated Press, January 30, 2000)

"AUM kids illegally denied schooling"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 29, 2000)

"Police raid AUM facilities as cult closes 3 computer shops"
(Kyodo News Service, January 28, 2000)

"Abduction spurs fears about cult"
("Asahi Shimbun", January 27, 2000)

"Japanese police raid doomsday cult sites"
("Nando Times", January 26, 2000)

"Panel likely to approve Aum watch"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", January 26, 2000)

"Victims of Japan Cult Gassing Hide"
by Yuri Kageyama (Associated Press, January 25, 2000)

"Public security panel to approve surveillance of AUM"
(Kyodo News Service, January 25, 2000)

"Group to provide free medical checks to sarin attack victims"
(Kyodo News Service, January 25, 2000)

"AUM to close 2 computer shops"
(Kyodo News Service, January 25, 2000)

"Security commission planning to apply anti-Aum law"
("Asahi Shimbun", January 25, 2000)

"AUM exec busted for bank threat"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 25, 2000)

"Japan doomsday cult official accused of bank threat"
(Reuters, January 24, 2000)

"AUM member arrested for allegedly threatening bank"
(Kyodo News Service, January 24, 2000)

"Police arrest cultist who loses temper at bank"
("Japan Times", January 24, 2000)

"Aum exec held over threat accusation by bank official"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", January 24, 2000)

"Police search facility"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", January 24, 2000)

"Missing cult boy rescued at inn after tip-off"
("South China Morning Post", January 24, 2000)

"AUM says abduction mere row between siblings"
(Kyodo News Service, January 24, 2000)

"Japan Sect's Name Change Brings Confusion and Fear"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", January 24, 2000)

Kidnapped Son of Cult Leader Found
(The Associated Press, January 23, 2000)

"Asahara's 7-year-old son rescued in Hakone inn"
(Kyodo News Service, January 23, 2000)

"Japan police seek 5 suspects in guru's son kidnap"
(Reuters, January 22, 2000)

"Police arrest 2nd AUM follower over abduction"
(Kyodo News Service, January 22, 2000)

"Police search two AUM facilities following abduction case"
(Kyodo News Service, January 22, 2000)

"Police to arrest Asahara's daughters over abduction of brother"
(Kyodo News Service, January 22, 2000)

"Japan Gas-Attack Sect Linked to Abduction"
("The New York Times", January 22, 2000)

"Cultists kidnap Asahara's son"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 22, 2000)

"Japan's police raid "dangerous" cult"
(Agence France Presse, January 2, 2000)

"Crackdown not needed as threat has gone, says cult"
("South China Morning Post", January 21, 2000)

"Dissidents fail in bid to snatch son of deposed Japanese cult leader"
(Agence France Presse, January 21, 2000)

"Son of Japan doomsday cult guru kidnapped"
(Reuters, January 21, 2000)

"Police search AUM facilities at 12 sites"
(Kyodo News Service, January 21, 2000)

"AUM says anti-cult law violates rights"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 21, 2000)

"AUM seeks rejection of approval to apply new monitoring law"
(Kyodo News Service, January 20, 2000)

"Japan doomsday cult says poses no danger"
(Reuters, January 20, 2000)

"Security panel opens hearing over monitoring of AUM cult"
(Kyodo News Service, January 20, 2000)

"Japan cult causes stir with name change"
(Reuters, January 20, 2000)

"New AUM title riles namesakes"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 20, 2000)

"Aum gets right to respond to cult crackdown plan"
("Asahi Shimbun", January 20, 2000)

"Murderous sect changes name"
by Sally Fisher ("South China Morning Post", January 19, 2000)

"Is Aum Changing His Heart?" [BBC Interview with Massimo Introvigne]
(BBC World News, January 19, 1999)

"Japanese Victims Get Apology From Cult"
by Kathryn Tolbert ("The Washington Post", January 19, 2000)

"Aum Cult to Use Believers' Salaries for Compensation, NHK Says"
(Bloomberg, January 19, 2000)

"School tells universities it has nothing to do with AUM"
(Kyodo News Service, January 19, 2000)

"Japan doomsday cult pledges to practice democracy"
(Reuters, January 19, 2000)

"Poison Gas Group in Japan Distances Itself From Guru"
by Calvin Sims ("The New York Times", January 19, 2000)

"AUM blames Asahara"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 19, 2000)

"Joyu says founder a god no more [Asahi Shimbun Interviews Aum's New Leader Joyu]"
("Asahi Shimbun", January 19, 2000)

"AUM-affiliated company registered Yokohama branch as address"
(Kyodo News Service, January 18, 2000)

"Japan Doomsday Cult Reorganizing"
(Associated Press, January 18, 2000)

"Aum agrees to hand over 5 cult facilities"
("Yomiuri Shimbun", January 18, 2000)

"Japan's Aum Supreme Truth deposes guru"
(Agence France Presse, January 18, 2000)

"Japan greets cult reform with scepticism"
(Agence France Presse, January 18, 2000)

"Japan gas attack cult says guru may be guilty"
by Yvonne Chang (Reuters, January 18, 2000)

"Gov't to keep close watch on AUM cult: Aoki"
(Kyodo News Service, January 18, 2000)

"AUM admits Asahara's involvement in crimes, changes name"
(Kyodo News Service, January 18, 2000)

"Japan doomsday cult to sell assets - media"
(Reuters, January 17, 2000)

"AUM tells administrator it will hand over properties"
(Kyodo News Service, January 17, 2000)

"AUM postpones press conference"
(Kyodo News Service, January 17, 2000)

"Anti-Aum rightists get free, loud ride"
by Takuya Asakura ("South China Morning Post, January 16, 2000")

"Doomsday cult guru 'no threat'"
("South China Morning Post, January 16, 2000)

"AUM considering compensation for victims as liquidation step"
(Kyodo News Service, January 16, 2000)

"Asahara no longer leads AUM"
(Kyodo News Service, January 15, 2000)

"Aum will leave when ready, Joyu says"
("Japan Times", January 12, 2000)

"Cult leader's quarters raided"
(Agence France Presse, January 9, 1999)

"Police raid AUM facilities"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 9, 2000)

"Japanese Police Raid Two Facilities Of Doomsday Cult"
(Associated Press, January 8, 2000)

"Police search Aum cult's branch after return of top member"
(Agence France Presse, January 8, 2000)

"Police raid 2 AUM facilities over falsified application"
(Kyodo News Service, January 8, 2000)

"AUM tries worming out of compensation"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 8, 2000)

"Yokohama ready to deny AUM's Joyu residency"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 6, 2000)

Tax agency to probe Aum computer firms"
("Japan Times", January 6, 2000)

"Police urge tax bureau to impose penalty on AUM firms"
(Kyodo News Service, January 6, 2000)

"Return of the 'Face'"
("Wai Wai - Mainichi Shimbun", January 3, 2000)

"Rightist breaks into AUM facility"
("Mainichi Shimbun", January 1, 2000)

2. Alternative Views

"Japan's Imperial-Era Society: From the Anti-AUM Movement to the Elimination of all Heterodoxies"
a report by Kenichi Asano (Professor of Journalism, Doshisha University)

"The "De-nationalization" of AUM Followers: Its Hidden Political Purpose"
("Tsukuru", November 1999) 
by Masaaki Fukuda (Professor of Law, Hitotsubashi University)

Aum's Own Website: http://info.aleph.to

CESNUR reproduces or quotes documents from the media and different sources on a number of religious issues. Unless otherwise indicated, the opinions expressed are those of the document's author(s), not of CESNUR or its directors

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Revised last: 5/1/2007